Home

차기 전투기 f 35a 40 대 도입

영국의 F-35B 관련편집

따라서, F-35 도입 프로그램은 F-22 도입보다 더 가치가 있을 것으로 보인다. 최근에 호주 국방장관은 F-35 프로그램이 계속지연되자 슈퍼호넷을 도입을 이르렀다. 기종은 내년에 결정되고 슈퍼호넷을 선택하면 F-35 프로그램을 포기한다고 밝혔다. The Vision Systems International[N 12] helmet display is a key piece of the F-35's human-machine interface. Instead of the head-up display mounted atop the dashboard of earlier fighters, the HMDS puts flight and combat information on the helmet visor, allowing the pilot to see it no matter which way he or she is facing.[149] Infrared and night vision imagery from the Distributed Aperture System can be displayed directly on the HMDS and enables the pilot to "see through" the aircraft. The HDMS allows an F-35 pilot to fire missiles at targets even when the nose of the aircraft is pointing elsewhere by cuing missile seekers at high angles off-boresight.[150][151] Each helmet costs $400,000.[152] The HMDS weighs more than traditional helmets, and there is concern that it can endanger lightweight pilots during ejection.[153] U880E,U880F,GA8F22AW,AW8F22,8F22,AWF8F35,8F35,AW8F. Информация The first U.S. combat employment began in July 2018 with USMC F-35Bs from the amphibious assault ship USS Essex, with the first combat strike on 27 September 2018 against a Taliban target in Afghanistan.[262] This was followed by a USAF deployment to Al Dhafra Air Base, UAE on 15 April 2019.[263] On 27 April 2019, USAF F-35As were first used in combat in an airstrike on an Islamic State tunnel network in northern Iraq.[264]

̿ 1967 ߰, ͻŰ() ߰, ̾(߲) ߰ 3簡 ȼ ߴµ, 1967 9η ̾ ߰ 谡 äõǾ XT-2 ۵Ǿ 1969 3 Ⱑ Ǿ. ش ü 꿡 鼭 Ī ̾ F-1 ߴ. Ϻ ù F-1 ̼()̶ Ҹµ, ̴ 2 Ϻ Ͽ ̾ A6M Ի(߾戦闘Ѧ) Ī ̼(: Ȥ μ) ̴.1989 6 ȸ MOU ߰, ̿ ν ΰ F-16 (LTAA, License Technical Assistance Agreement) ü 㰡 ο ɻ翡 . ᱹ ǿ Ǹ鼭 Ϻ ϰ Ǿ. FS-X Ϻ Ϲ ϰ ̶ ޾Ұ, ̱ ⺻ 밡 F-16 ü ɼ κ ü ޾Ҵ. ̿ ʳ 縦 ̽϶ Ÿ(慎郎) 츮 ܹ α ڰ Ŭ ( θ Ī) г븦 ⺸ٴ ϴ ٰ ̴١ Ȥϰ ߴ.

F-2 ϴ ⡯ Ϻ װ뿡 Ǵ ε, ̴ 2 ñ ǿ ǽ ִ ȭ Ģ  ä ǵ Ī̴. ڸ (ܲ) (Ρ), (ܲ) ü(Ρ), (ި) (μި) θ ε, ⡯ Ī ݱ⡯ (̪)̶ ܾ ϱ â Ī̾. 21⿡ 鼭 ٸ ݱ⡯ ⡯ ǹ̰ ߴٰ ǴϿ ش  ߴ. F-2 2005 밭(˵) ݱ ڿ ⡯ ⡯ Ǿ. #TheKingEternalMonarch Lee Min Ho and Kim Go Eun Kissing Scene EP12Kimberly Ramos. 40:04 Adding the systems of a fighter aircraft added weight. The F-35B gained the most, largely due to a 2003 decision to enlarge the weapons bays for commonality between variants; the total weight growth was reportedly up to 2,200 pounds (1,000 kg), over 8%, causing all STOVL key performance parameter (KPP) thresholds to be missed.[32] In December 2003, the STOVL Weight Attack Team (SWAT) was formed to reduce the weight increase; changes included more engine thrust, thinned airframe members, smaller weapons bays and vertical stabilizers, less thrust fed to the roll-post outlets, and redesigning the wing-mate joint, electrical elements, and the airframe immediately aft of the cockpit.[33] Many changes from the SWAT effort were applied to all three variants for commonality. By September 2004, these efforts had reduced the F-35B's weight by over 3,000 pounds (1,400 kg), while the F-35A and F-35C were reduced in weight by 2,400 pounds (1,100 kg) and 1,900 pounds (860 kg) respectively.[25][34] The weight reduction work cost $6.2 billion and caused an 18-month delay.[35] 35WCrV7. 5CrW2Si All 40 F-35As are being assembled at a Lockheed Martin production facility in Fort Worth, Texas. The Republic of Korea and U.S. government officially signed a Letter of Offer and Acceptance for the purchase of 40 F-35A fighter jets in September 2014 under the Pentagon's FMS program

F-35/도입/대한민국 - 나무위

The F-35 is expected to be continually upgraded over its lifetime. The first upgrade program, called Continuous Capability Development and Delivery (C2D2) began in 2019 and is currently planned to run to 2024. The near-term development priority of C2D2 is Block 4, which would integrate additional weapons, including those unique to international customers, refresh the avionics, improve ESM capabilities, and add Remotely Operated Video Enhanced Receiver (ROVER) support.[63] C2D2 also places greater emphasis on agile software development to enable quicker releases.[64] In 2018, the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center (AFLCMC) awarded contracts to General Electric and Pratt & Whitney to develop more powerful and efficient adaptive cycle engines for potential application in the F-35, leveraging the research done under the Adaptive Engine Transition Program (AETP).[65] No. 17 (Reserve) Test and Evaluation Squadron (TES) stood-up on 12 April 2013 as the Operational Evaluation Unit for the Lightning, becoming the first British squadron to operate the type.[271] By June 2013, the RAF had received three F-35s of the 48 on order, all initially based at Eglin Air Force Base.[272] In June 2015, the F-35B undertook its first launches from a ski-jump at NAS Patuxent River.[273] When operated at sea, British F-35B shall use ships fitted with ski-jumps, as will the Italian Navy. British F-35Bs are not intended to receive the Brimstone 2 missile.[274] On 5 July 2017, it was announced the second UK-based RAF squadron would be No. 207 Squadron,[275] which reformed on 1 August 2019 as the Lightning Operational Conversion Unit.[276] No. 617 Squadron reformed on 18 April 2018 during a ceremony in Washington, D.C., US, becoming the first RAF front-line squadron to operate the type;[277] receiving its first four F-35Bs on 6 June, flying from MCAS Beaufort to RAF Marham.[278] Both No. 617 Squadron and its F-35s were declared combat ready on 10 January 2019.[279] The USMC declared Initial Operational Capability (IOC) for the F-35B in the Block 2B configuration on 31 July 2015 after operational trials. However, limitations remained in night operations, communications, software and weapons carriage capabilities.[254][255] USMC F-35Bs participated in their first Red Flag exercise in July 2016 with 67 sorties conducted.[256] USAF F-35A in the Block 3i configuration achieved IOC with the USAF on 2 August 2016, and the F-35C in Block 3F with the USN on 28 February 2019.[2][3] USAF F-35As conducted their first Red Flag exercise in 2017; system maturity had improved and the aircraft scored a kill ratio of 15:1 against an F-16 aggressor squadron in a high-threat environment.[257]

Flight tests revealed several serious deficiencies that required costly redesigns, caused delays, and resulted in several fleet-wide groundings. In 2011, the F-35C failed to catch the arresting wire in all eight landing tests; a redesigned tail hook was delivered two years later.[222][223] By June 2009, many of the initial flight test targets had been accomplished but the program was behind schedule.[224] Software and mission systems were among the biggest sources of delays for the program, with sensor fusion proving especially challenging.[112] In fatigue testing, the F-35B suffered several premature cracks, requiring a redesign of the structure.[225] A third non-flying F-35B is currently planned to test the redesigned structure. The F-35B and C also had problems with the horizontal tails suffering heat damage from prolonged afterburner use.[N 14][228][229] Early flight control laws had problems with "wing drop"[N 15] and also made the airplane sluggish, with high angles-of-attack tests in 2015 against an F-16 showing a lack of energy.[230][231] Ϻ F-2 ñⰡ ٰȿ ļ ü ̸, 2018 ļ ü  2030 Ϸϰ ġ ġ ǥ ִ. ļ ü Ȯ ʾ, ϴ (ATD-X) Žš ͷ ü ϴ , Ÿ ϴ , ׸ Ÿ ü ϴ , 3 ´. ü ߷ 1 ʿ DZ Ȳ̴. ֱٿ Ǻ (Farnborough Airshow) ̱ (Boeing) 簡 ̾ ߰ ˷ ִ.On 26 October 2001, Lockheed Martin was declared the winner and was awarded the System Development and Demonstration (SDD) contract; Pratt & Whitney was separately awarded to develop the F135 engine for the JSF. The F-35 designation, which was out of sequence with standard DoD numbering, was allegedly determined on the spot by program manager Major General Mike Hough; this came as a surprise even to Lockheed Martin, which had expected the "F-24" designation for the JSF.[29]

고급 무기편집

South Korea will buy 40 F-35A fighter jets from the U.S. defense firm Lockheed Martin... for about 7 billion U.S. dollars. The F-35A is the Pentagon′s most expensive aircraft program... and other international buyers include Britain, Israel F-35A 차기전투기 최종결정...40대 순차 도입 '무장능력은? 2005년 5월 오스트레일리아 정부는 당초 2006년에 결정하기로 했던 JSF 사업 참여결정을 2008년까지 연기한다고 발표했다. 따라서 현재 임기가 지난 후에 결정을 하겠다고 한다. 호주의 로비단체, 정치인들, 언론들 사이에서는 F-35가 호주 공군의 제너럴 다이내믹스 F-111 아드바크과 맥도널 더글러스 F/A-18 호넷 전투기들을 적시에 교체할 수 있도록 생산될 수 있을지에 대해 의문을 제기한다. 우리 공군의 차기 전투기로 F-35A가 최종 결정됐습니다. 적의 레이더에 잡히지 않는 스텔스 성능이 뛰어나지만, 무장 능력이 약하다는 지적도 나옵니다

차기 주요 전략자산으로 손꼽히는. 40대의 F-35A 스텔스전투기의 전력화를. 완료할 계획이라고 합니다. 대한민국 공군의. 태극마크 선명한 대한민국 공군 F-35A 편대 비행 시범 등 서울 ADEX 공군 전투기, 공중급유기 등 FLY BY 현장취재 영상 - Продолжительность: 2:55 유용원TV 159 240.. Решение 4.073/.1=40.73 Выполнен: 2020-05-26 22:52 МСК. Решение 4.073/.1=40.73 Выполнен: 2020-05-26 22:52 МСК

차기전투기 F-35 대당 1200억 결정…40대 구입 예정 | JTBC 뉴스

û(2006 °) ̹ 1995⿡ F-2 141뿡 ֹ ü, 1999 ε ۵ ̾ Ⱑ Ǹ鼭 2000 ġ . û ġ ܰ 130 ߴٰ ᱹ 2004⿡ 98( ) ֹ . ̾ ߰ 2011 9 27ڷ 94⸦ εϸ鼭 Ⱦ ߴ.스텔스기를 탐지한다는 베라 레이다에는 500 km 거리에서 포착된다고 알려져 있다. F-2 F-16C ⺻ 迡 ϰ ֱ ܾ F-16 ״ , Ϻ װ Ȱ 븮 ü ŭ ο Ϻ ü ű κп Ǿ. Ư ܾ F-16 ̾ð κ ü Ʈ 缳ߴ. ⺻ F-2 ü F-16C 25% Ŀ, ij(canopy) 3(߲) þ߰ ξ а Ǿ.2017년 9월 23일, 10월 10일 2차례 괌의 앤더슨 공군기지에서 이륙한 B-1B 전략폭격기 2대가 야간에 북한에 매우 근접해 위협비행을 했는데, 북한은 2번 모두 야간에 지대공 레이더를 켜지 않았다. 아무런 레이더 신호도 없었고, 미그 전투기의 스크램블 (전투기) 비상출격도 없었다. B-1B 전략폭격기에 비하면 F-35A 스텔스 성능은 수십만배 높다. The aircraft descends from the Lockheed Martin X-35, which in 2001 beat the Boeing X-32 to win the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program. Its development is principally funded by the United States, with additional funding from program partner countries from NATO and close U.S. allies, including the United Kingdom, Italy, Australia, Canada, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and formerly Turkey.[7][8] Several other countries have ordered, or are considering ordering, the aircraft. The program has drawn much scrutiny and criticism for its unprecedented size, complexity, ballooning costs, and much-delayed deliveries.[N 1] The acquisition strategy of concurrent production of the aircraft while it was still in development and testing led to expensive design changes and retrofits.[10][11]

2인승인 F-16D는 보조연료탱크를 두 개나 단 무거운 상태였다. F-35의 시제기 AF-2 2호기는 임무체계 소프트웨어가 탑재되지 않아 적기가 F-35를 발견하기 전에 F-35가 먼저 적을 탐지할 수 있는 센서를 이용할 수 없었다. 또한 스텔스 특수코팅이 적용되지 않았고, 조종사가 항공기의 방향을 움직이지 않고도 헬멧으로 무장을 조준, 발사하도록 하는 무장이나 소프트웨어가 탑재돼 있지 않았다. 순수한 기관총 근접전(Dogfight)의 기동성능 테스트였다. ǥ Ŀ 󹫺γ ȸ Ϻ ü Ⱑ װü ذ ̶ , ̱ ڰ Ŀ ִ Ȳ Ϻ ü ⸦ ϵ α⺸ٴ ⸦ ϰ ұ ؼؾ Ѵٰ ߴ. 1989⿡  H. W. ν(George H. W. Bush) δ F-2 ̱ ̾ ִٰ , ᱹ 1989 4 籹 (MOU, Memorandum of Understanding) .In April 2019, No. 617 Squadron deployed to RAF Akrotiri, Cyprus, the type's first overseas deployment.[280] On 25 June 2019, the first combat use of an RAF F-35B was reportedly undertaken as armed reconnaissance flights searching for Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria.[281] In October 2019, the Dambusters and No. 17 TES F-35s were embarked on HMS Queen Elizabeth for the first time.[282] No. 617 Squadron departed RAF Marham on 22 January 2020 for their first Exercise Red Flag with the Lightning.[283]

전투기 공동개발을 시작한 미쓰비시 중공업과 록히드 사는 1995년 1월 7일자로 시제기의 초도 비행에 성공했으며, 1995년 12월에 해당 기체의 제식번호를 F-2로 지정했다. 양사는 시제기 4대와 정적 시험(靜的試驗) 및 피로도 시험용 기체 2대를 제작했으며, 1997년까지 기후(岐阜) 비행장에서 전.. 53. 0:26. video--02-05-3a78ce77062af2973ac6bcd4f1be05b3c2da40f40a451c583350fec88803103c-V. Ольга Сергиенко The first F-35A, AA-1, conducted its engine run in September 2006 and first flew on 15 December 2006.[216] Unlike all subsequent aircraft, AA-1 did not have the weight optimization from SWAT; consequently, it mainly tested subsystems common to subsequent aircraft, such as the propulsion, electrical system, and cockpit displays. This aircraft was retired from flight testing in December 2009 and was used for live-fire testing at NAS China Lake.[217]

Peak Forward Surge Current, 8.3ms Single Half Sine Wave Superimposed on Rated Load (Notes 5, 6 & 7). Steady State Power Dissipation @ TL = +75°C Instantaneous Forward Voltage @ IPP = 35A (Notes 5, 6 & 7). VBR<100V VBR≥100V. SMBJ5.0(C)A - SMBJ200A F-35 savaş uçağı aynı zamanda Aynı zamanda ABD'nin son insanlı savaş uçağı projesidir. -F-35A, Geleneksel kalkma ve inme (CTOL). -Tırmanış değeri: 40.000 fit/dak. (200 m/sn). (tahmini). Silah Sistemleri. -Top: 1 × General Dynamics GAU-22/A Equalizer, 25 mm (0.984 in), 4-namlulu mitralyöz.. The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is an American family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole combat aircraft. It is intended to perform both air superiority and strike missions while also providing electronic warfare and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities. Lockheed Martin is the prime F-35 contractor, with principal partners Northrop Grumman and BAE Systems. The aircraft has three main variants: the conventional takeoff and landing F-35A (CTOL), the short take-off and vertical-landing F-35B (STOVL), and the carrier-based F-35C (CV/CATOBAR). 대한민국 방위사업청은 3차 FX 사업으로 준 스텔스 성능을 가진 4.5세대 전투기인 F-15SE를 선정하였으나, 이후 일부 공군 장성출신들의 반대와 정부 내 록히드 마틴 옹호세력에 의해 F-35A를 FMS(수의계약)으로 40대를 7조 4천억원에 도입하기로 했다. 대당 1850억원 정도이다.

비용/중량의 논쟁들편집

Noise from the F-35 caused concerns in residential areas near potential bases for the aircraft, and residents near two such bases—Luke Air Force Base, Arizona, and Eglin Air Force Base, Florida—requested environmental impact studies in 2008 and 2009 respectively.[138] Although the noise level in decibels were comparable to those of prior fighters such as the F-16, the sound power of the F-35 is stronger particularly at lower frequencies.[139] Subsequent surveys and studies have indicated that the noise of the F-35 was not perceptibly different from the F-16 and F/A-18E/F, though the greater low-frequency noise was noticeable for some observers.[140][141][142] The F-35C variant is designed for catapult-assisted take-off but arrested recovery operations from aircraft carriers. Compared to the F-35A, the F-35C features larger wings with foldable wingtip sections, larger wing and tail control surfaces for improved low-speed control, stronger landing gear for the stresses of carrier arrested landings, a twin-wheel nose gear, and a stronger tailhook for use with carrier arrestor cables. The larger wing area allows for decreased landing speed while increasing both range and payload. The F-35C is limited to 7.5 g.

The single-engine aircraft is powered by the Pratt & Whitney F135 low-bypass augmented turbofan with rated thrust of 43,000 lbf (191 kN). Derived from the Pratt & Whitney F119 used by the F-22, the F135 has a larger fan and higher bypass ratio to increase subsonic fuel efficiency, and unlike the F119, is not optimized for supercruise.[187] The engine contributes to the F-35's stealth by having a low-observable augmenter, or afterburner, that incorporates fuel injectors into thick curved vanes; these vanes are covered by ceramic radar-absorbent materials and mask the turbine. The stealthy augmenter had problems with pressure pulsations, or "screech", at low altitude and high speed early in its development.[188] The low-observable axisymmetric nozzle consists of 15 partially overlapping flaps that create a sawtooth pattern at the trailing edge, which reduces radar signature and creates shed vortices that reduce the infrared signature of the exhaust plume.[189] Due to the engine's large dimensions, the USN had to modify its underway replenishment system to facilitate at-sea logistics support.[190] The F-35 has a wing-tail configuration with two vertical stabilizers canted for stealth. Flight control surfaces include leading-edge flaps, flaperons,[N 10] rudders, and all-moving horizontal tails (stabilators); leading edge root extensions also run forwards to the inlets. The relatively short 35-foot wingspan of the F-35A and F-35B is set by the requirement to fit inside USN amphibious assault ship parking areas and elevators; the F-35C's larger wing is more fuel efficient.[90][91] The fixed diverterless supersonic inlets (DSI) use a bumped compression surface and forward-swept cowl to shed the boundary layer of the forebody away from the inlets, which form a Y-duct for the engine.[92] Structurally, the F-35 drew upon lessons from the F-22; composites comprise 35% of airframe weight, with the majority being bismaleimide and composite epoxy materials as well as some carbon nanotube-reinforced epoxy in newer production lots.[93][94][95] The F-35 is considerably heavier than the lightweight fighters it replaces, with the lightest variant having an empty weight of 29,300 lb (13,300 kg); much of the weight can be attributed to the internal weapons bays and the extensive avionics carried.[96]

Korea to buy 40 F-35A fighter planes in $7 bil

0:40. 3. 「大声上げない」成功のカギ!? 海外で注目「日本モデル」 FOR TEST CIRCUIT SEE FIGURE 13 0 0 20 40 60 80 QG , Total Gate Charge (nC). Fig 6. Typical Gate Charge Vs. Gate-to-Source Voltage While lacking the raw performance of the larger twin-engine F-22, the F-35 has kinematics competitive with fourth generation fighters such as the F-16 and F/A-18, especially with ordnance mounted because the F-35's internal weapons carriage eliminates parasitic drag from external stores.[97] All variants have a top speed of Mach 1.6, attainable with full internal payload. The powerful F135 engine gives good subsonic acceleration and energy, with supersonic dash in afterburner. The large stabilitors, leading edge extensions and flaps, and canted rudders provide excellent high alpha (angle-of-attack) characteristics, with a trimmed alpha of 50°. Relaxed stability and fly-by-wire controls provide excellent handling qualities and departure resistance.[98][99] Having over double the F-16's internal fuel, the F-35 has considerably greater combat radius, while stealth also enables a more efficient mission flight profile.[100]

Army of GOD :: [무기체계] F-35A 계약에 있어 한국과 일본의 적나라한

F-35 전투기는 개전 초기에는 적의 레이다에 탐지되는 것을 피하기 위해 무장과 연료를 동체 내부에 탑재하고, 적진 깊숙이 침투하여 타격 임무를 수행할 수 있다. 표준 무장으로는 AIM-120C 암람 중거리 공대공 미사일과 제이담(JDAM) 폭탄을, 각각 2발씩 동체 내부 폭탄창에 탑재한다. 다른 구성으로 4발의 AIM-120C 또는 8발의 소구경 폭탄 (Small Diameter Bomb)을 내부에 장착할 수도 있다. In January 2019, Singapore officially announced its plan to buy a small number of F-35s for an evaluation of capabilities and suitability before deciding on more to replace its F-16 fleet.[82] In May 2019, Poland announced plans to buy 32 F-35As to replace its Soviet-era jets; the contract was signed on 31 January 2020.[83][84] 엔지니어들은 자동 제어 이상의 기동이 불필요하다고 생각했지만, 두 손을 묶고 싸우는 것 같다는 조종사들의 의견을 수렴해 기체의 시스템을 수정하였고, 이젠 근접전마저 F-35가 제패하게 되었다. 2010년 10월, 영국은 수직이착륙기 F-35B의 계약을 전면 취소하고, 대신 F-35C를 도입하기로 하였다. 록히드 마틴의 신기술인 리프트 팬의 개발 지연으로 인한 문제 때문이다. F-35C는 영국 공군과 영국 해군이 병행하여 사용할 것이다.[12] 처음 계획한 150대 보다 적게 도입할 것이다. 영국 신형 항모인 퀸 엘리자베스급 항공모함은 만재배수량 65,000톤으로서, 보통 12대의 F-35C를 탑재하며, 최대 36대까지 탑재할 수 있다.[12][13] We develop laser weapon systems, radio frequency and other directed energy technologies for air, ground and sea platforms to provide an affordable countermeasure alternative.

[대한민국F-35A] 대한민국공군 스텔스전투기 F-35A - YouTub

스텔스 성능이 발휘되도록 설계된 동체와 레이다 흡수 재료를 통해, F-35 전투기의 레이다 반사면적은 매우 작은 수준이다. F-35 전투기는 스텔스 성능은 레이다에 대한, 저 탐지성에만 머물지는 않는다. F-35 전투기는 독특한 설계를 통해 적외선 탐지율을 낮추었다. 또한 F-35 전투기에 장착되는 AN/APG-81 레이다는 저피탐성 전파를 발산해, 적의 전자정찰에도 잘 잡히지 않는다. 다양한 스텔스 기술이 접목된 F-35 전투기는, ‘먼저 보고 먼저 쏘는’ 스텔스 전투기의 기능에 충실한 전투기로 알려져 있다. 2018년 3월 29일, F-35A 1호기가 미국에서 출고되었다. 북한의 반발을 고려해 국방부 장관과 차관이 출고식에 불참했다. 공군참모총장 대신 참모차장이 참석하고 방위사업청장도 불참했다.

일본 국내 조립생산 F-35a 스텔스전투기 첫 공개 김타쿠닷

  1. 미 해군은 보잉 EA-18G 그라울러기용 NGJ 135세트를 도입한 후 다시 이를 다른 기종에도 확대하기로 했다. 레이시온 고위 관계자는 "NGJ가 전자전 역사에 중요한 이정표를 마련할 것"이라며, 이를 통해 미 해군이 러시아와 중국의 대공망을 무력화해 전력 우위를 가질 수 있다고 주장했다.[34]
  2. The F-35B is the short takeoff and vertical landing (STOVL) variant of the aircraft. Similar in size to the A variant, the B sacrifices about a third of the A variant's fuel volume to accommodate the SDLF.[293][294] This variant is limited to 7 g.[295] Unlike other variants, the F-35B has no landing hook. The "STOVL/HOOK" control instead engages conversion between normal and vertical flight.[296]
  3. An alternative engine, the General Electric/Rolls-Royce F136, was being developed in the 2000s; originally, F-35 engines from Lot 6 onward would competitively tendered. Using technology from the General Electric YF120, The F136 was claimed to have a greater temperature margin than the F135.[199] The F136 was canceled in December 2011 due to lack of funding.[200][201]
  4. http://www.google.fr...3a3cf1da35cc15f
  5. The first F-35B, BF-1, flew on 11 June 2008, while the first weight-optimized F-35A and F-35C, AF-1 and CF-1, flew on 14 November 2009 and 6 June 2010 respectively. The F-35B's first hover was on 17 March 2010, followed by its first vertical landing the next day.[218] The F-35 Integrated Test Force (ITF) consisted of 18 aircraft at Edwards Air Force Base and Naval Air Station Patuxent River. Nine aircraft at Edwards, five F-35As, three F-35Bs, and one F-35C, performed flight sciences testing such as F-35A envelope expansion, flight loads, stores separation, as well as mission systems testing. The other nine aircraft at Patuxent River, five F-35Bs and four F-35Cs, were responsible for F-35B and C envelope expansion and STOVL and CV suitability testing. Additional carrier suitability testing was conducted at Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Two non-flying aircraft of each variant were used to test static loads and fatigue.[219] For testing avionics and mission systems, a modified Boeing 737-300 with a duplication of the cockpit, the Lockheed Martin CATBird has been used.[174] Field testing of the F-35's sensors were conducted during Exercise Northern Edge 2009 and 2011, serving as significant risk-reduction steps.[220][221]
  6. 스텔스 기능으로 적의 지대공 레이더와 적기의 레이더에 탑지되지 않으면서, AN/APG-81 레이더는 가동하더라도 적에게 잘 탐지되지 않는 전파를 발산해 적 전자정찰 장비에 쉽게 포착되지 않는데, 150 km 전방에 있는 23개 공중 표적 중에서 3초 안에 19개를 찾았낸다.

호주의 참여편집

As JAST progressed, the need for concept demonstrator aircraft by 1996 emerged, which would coincide with the full-scale flight demonstrator phase of ASTOVL/CALF. Because the ASTOVL/CALF concept appeared to align with the JAST charter, the two programs were eventually merged in 1994 under the JAST name, with the program now serving the USAF, USMC, and USN.[17] JAST was subsequently renamed the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) in 1995, with STOVL submissions by McDonnell Douglas, Northrop Grumman, Lockheed Martin,[N 2] and Boeing. The JSF was expected to eventually replace large numbers of multi-role and strike fighters in the inventories of the US and its allies, including the Harrier, F-16, F/A-18, A-10, and F-117.[18] 2011년 8월 13일, F-35C는 래이크허스트 시설에서 제트화염반사판(JBD) 테스트를 완료했다. 2013년 최초로 항공모함에서 캐터펄트 이륙시험을 할 계획이다(2013년 7월 테스트 완료). [15] • High temperature to reflow soldering guaranteed: 260°C/40sec. • Vx(αB(R1T:+@TαeTmTJ=pxeV(rBTaRJt@u-2r2e55°)C) Coefficient, typical value is 0.1%). • Plastic package is flammability rated V-0 per Underwriters Laboratories

F-35 is not designed as a dog fighting plane. It is designed to be stealthy and used in BVR (beyond visual range) situations and complicated operations along with AWACS/E3 support and under F-22 protection Seduced By A Cougar 40 The X-35A first flew on 24 October 2000 and conducted flight tests for subsonic and supersonic flying qualities, handling, range, and maneuver performance.[27] After 28 flights, the aircraft was then converted into the X-35B for STOVL testing, with key changes including the addition of the SDLF, the three-bearing swivel module (3BSM), and roll-control ducts. The X-35B would successfully demonstrate the SDLF system by performing stable hover, vertical landing, and short takeoff in less than 500 ft (150 m).[25][28] The X-35C first flew on 16 December 2000 and conducted field landing carrier practice tests.[27]

стоит в районе 35-60грн за бутыль (19 литров) 2016년 12월 12일, 도널드 트럼프 대통령 당선자는 트위터에서 "F-35 구매계획과 비용은 통제 불능이다. 수십억 달러가 절약될 수 있고 그렇게 해야 한다"고 주장했다. 미 국방부는 록히드 마틴으로부터 1조 4000억달러(1642조원)를 들여 F-35 스텔스 전투기 2443대를 도입할 계획이었다.

空氣清新機配件. 按產品特色瀏覽. 機型 IG-DK1A IG-DM1A IG-CL15A-W IG-GC2A IG-DX10A IG-CM1A IG-A10A IG-DC2A IG-HH1A IG-ETC1A FU-W25AW FU-Y30A FU-E30A FU-P40S FU-W40A Lựa chọn nơi bán. lazada.vn Máy lọc không khí Panasonic F-PXM35A 4.260.000 đ. Sale Mỹ Phẩm - Giảm 40%. Ngày Hội Mẹ Bé - Voucher 200k. Ngày Của Mẹ - Freeship Toàn Quốc

L 밴드 레이다편집

ij ι(Casper Weinberger, 1917~2006) η δ Ϻ FS-X پ Ƿ Ҹ Ͽ Ϻ ġ з ߴ. ñ ħ Ϻ ()Ǽȸ(CoCom, Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls) ִ Ȳ 1987⿡ ù-ὺ ĵ[ù() 簡 ϰ ὺ(Kongsberg) ġ ǻ ǰ ִ 緯 ҷÿ ߵ ] Ŀ (ڸ) 迡 Ϻ ȭǾ ִ ¿. 미 안보 전문매체 더 내셔널 인터레스트(TNI)에 따르면 미 해군은 러시아와 중국의 최신예 지대공 미사일 망에 탐지되지 않고 상대 레이다망에 방해전파를 발사해 무력화하는 차세대 전자전체계(NGJ)를 오는 2021년까지 실전 배치할 계획이다.

모의공중전편집

전투기 구매비용은 전투기 본체 구매비용에 부수비용을 포함한다. 부수비용은 전체 사업비의 30%를 차지한다. 군수지원, 예비 부품, 수리보수, 훈련프로그램, 시뮬레이션 센터, 운용 부대 창설과 기지 구축비용 등을 말한다.[24] Advanced EOTS, an evolutionary electro-optical targeting system, is available for the F-35’s Block 4 development. Designed to replace EOTS, Advanced EOTS incorporates a wide range of enhancements and upgrades, including short-wave infrared, high-definition television, an infrared marker and improved image detector resolution. These enhancements increase F-35 pilots’ recognition and detection ranges, enabling greater overall targeting performance.

F-35 라이트닝 Ii - 위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사

  1. 공군의 차기 주력 스텔스 전투기, F-35A 1호기가 오늘(29일) 미국에서 출고됐습니다. 올해 6대를 시작으로 2021년까지 모두 40대가 실전배치 되는데 군은 Повторите попытку позже. Опубликовано: 29 мар. 2018 г. 공군의 차기 주력 스텔스 전투기, F-35A 1호기가 오늘(29일) 미국에서 출고됐습니다
  2. To preserve its stealth shaping, the F-35 has two internal weapons bays with four weapons stations. The two outboard weapon stations each can carry ordnance up to 2,500 lb (1,100 kg), or 1,500 lb (680 kg) for F-35B, while the two inboard stations carry air-to-air missiles. Air-to-surface weapons for the outboard station include the Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM), Paveway series of bombs, Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW), and cluster munitions (Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser). The station can also carry multiple smaller munitions such as the GBU-39 Small Diameter Bombs (SDB), GBU-53/B SDB II, and the SPEAR 3 anti-tank missiles; up to four SDBs can be carried per station for the F-35A and F-35C, and three for F-35B.[160][161][162] The inboard station can carry the AIM-120 AMRAAM. Two compartments behind the weapons bays contain flares, chaff, and towed decoys.[163]
  3. F-2 ɵ ֻ(AESA, Active Electronically-Scanned Array) ̴ ̾ J/APG-1 ž ʷ AESA ̴ Ⱑ Ǿ. F-2 J/APG-1 ̴ J/ARG-1 AESA ͸ũ ƮͰ žǾ AIM-7F/M зο(Sparrow) ̻ AAM-3 ̻̳ Թ̻ ASM-1, 2 JDAM ϴ. J/APG-1 ̴ 2015 ׷̵ J/APG-2 ̴ üǾ, J/APG-2 Ϻ ü BVR(Beyond Visual Range) ̻ AAM-4B ̻, ϸ 99 ź ִ. װ 2017 2 ASM-1 ASM-2 ü XASM-3 Թ̻ ϸ鼭 F-2 ߻ ÷ ߴµ, XASM-3 2018 꿡  ̸ F-2 ȴ.
  4. Japan announced on 20 December 2011 its intent to purchase 42 F-35s to replace the F-4 Phantom II, with 38 to be assembled domestically and deliveries beginning in 2016.[77] Due to delays in development and testing, many initial orders have been postponed. Italy reduced its order from 131 to 90 F-35s in 2012. Australia decided to buy the F/A-18F Super Hornet in 2006 and the EA-18G Growler in 2013 as interim measures.[78][79]
  5. g and refueling points (M-Farps) accommodating KC-130 and MV-22 Osprey aircraft to rearm and refuel the jets, as well as littoral areas for sea links of mobile distribution sites. M-Farps can be based on small airfields, multi-lane roads, or damaged main bases, while F-35Bs return to rear-area USAF bases or friendly ships for scheduled maintenance. Helicopter-portable metal planking is needed to protect unprepared roads from the F-35B's engine exhaust; the USMC are studying lighter heat-resistant alternatives.[261]

The United States is the primary customer and financial backer, with planned procurement of 1,763 F-35As for the USAF, 353 F-35Bs and 67 F-35Cs for the USMC, and 273 F-35Cs for the USN.[5] Additionally, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Canada, Turkey, Australia, Norway, and Denmark have agreed to contribute US$4.375 billion towards development costs, with the United Kingdom contributing about 10% of the planned development costs as the sole Tier 1 partner.[67] The initial plan was that the U.S. and eight major partner nations would acquire over 3,100 F-35s through 2035.[68] The three tiers of international participation generally reflect financial stake in the program, the amount of technology transfer and subcontracts open for bid by national companies, and the order in which countries can obtain production aircraft.[69] Alongside program partner countries, Israel and Singapore have joined as Security Cooperative Participants (SCP).[70][71][72] Sales to SCP and non-partner nations are made through the Pentagon's Foreign Military Sales program.[73] Turkey was removed from the F-35 program in July 2019 over security concerns.[74][75][N 9] 중국이 F-35는 물론 F-22도 포착할 수 있다고 큰소리쳤던 신형 레이더 JY-27이 시리아에 배치되었는데, 최근 이스라엘 공군의 F-35A에 공습당해 파괴되었다.

The F-35 was intended to be supported by a computerized maintenance management system named Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS). In concept, any aircraft can be serviced at any F-35 maintenance facility and for all parts to be globally tracked and shared as needed.[212] Due to numerous problems, such as unreliable diagnoses, excessive connectivity requirements, and security vulnerabilities, program officials plan to replace ALIS with the cloud-based Operational Data Integrated Network (ODIN) by 2022.[213][214][215] 미국 공군 마이클 호스티지 대장에 따르면, F-22와 비슷한 수준의 스텔스 성능을 보여준다. 물론 L 밴드 등 낮은 주파수의 레이다에는 F-22와 마찬가지로 F-35도 스텔스 성능이 떨어진다. 그러나, 이들 낮은 주파수 대역 레이다들은, 매우 부정확하며, 교란이 쉽다. 무엇보다도 전투기를 락온하여 요격하는데는 높은 주파수의 X 밴드 레이다가 사용되는데, F-22, F-35의 스텔스 페인트는 이 X 밴드를 주로 교란시킨다. 따라서, L 밴드 레이다에 쉽게 탐지가 되더라도, 원거리에서 요격을 할 수가 없다. 반드시 근거리로 접근해야지만 적외선 유도 단거리 미사일 등으로 요격을 할 수 있다. 그러나 불시에 전혀 뜻하지 않은 위치에 나타난 F-35 전투기를 요격하기 위해, 스크램블로 출격해서, 고속으로 접근해, 근거리에서 적외선 유도 공대공 미사일을 쏘아야 한다는 것은, 사실상 요격이 불가능하다는 의미이다. 688f2e 000f4 c342 002603 3530 microsystem 04a1 000398 482c d4e880 14edbb 42f5 74852a ae 001c7f 00f6 88a479 0000ba b8ee0e velop f4b9 b40b44 mitel 020f f460e2. 0b3d 000590 c2 fe80 b4b859 cat linksys netherlands draytek 000b50 541379 080027 005056 aruba 702605 0418d6..

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II - Wikipedi

F-35는 선회 중 기체의 속도를 낮추는 기능을 가지고 있어 독파이팅에 유리하게 사용할 수 있다. 그러나 엄청난 자동화가 이루어진 F-35를 이전 기체들처럼 움직이려다 보니 오히려 조종을 할 수 없는 상태에 빠지기도 한다. 많은 부분에서 자동화 제어가 되어 있기 때문에 한계까지 몰아붙이지 못한 까닭이다. 2015년 1월 미국 캘리포니아 에드워즈 공군기지 1만~3만 피트 상공에서 31톤 5세대 F-35와 20톤 4세대 F-16D 블록 40 전투기가 17회의 근접전(Dogfight)을 벌였다. 실제 무장은 하지 않고 시뮬레이션 공격만 했다. F-35의 기동성이 훨씬 나빠서, 대패했다.

40F308 выделены компании Murata Manufactuaring Co.,Ltd. MAC адреса 001CFE выделены компании Quartics Inc MAC адреса F455E0 выделены компании Niceway CNC Technology Co.,Ltd.Hunan Province MAC адреса 606BBD выделены компании Samsung Electronics Co., LTD.. 1.2메가톤 B83 핵폭탄 한발씩을 좌우의 외부무장창에 장착할 수 있다. 외부무장창이라서 스텔스 기능이 사라져 레이더에 사전 포착이 된다. 물론 EC-130H 컴패스 콜 전자전기가 적의 지대공 레이더를 교란시키면 역시 주야간 전천후로 적이 전혀 눈치채지 못하는 사이에 1.2메가톤 B83 핵폭탄 2발을 투하할 수 있다.

35iF6PRuNsnyKQ8PnAtPYUv2RuEVgB4og6 2004년을 지나면서 JSF의 총 프로젝트 비용은 23% 증가하여 2,440억 달러가 되었다. 주요 기술적 문제는 2200파운드(목표치의 8%) 초과했다고 알려진 F-35B 기종의 무게 문제였다. 이것은 STOVL 비행기가 요구된 성능을 만족시키지 못할 정도이다. ̱ Ϻ ÷ ִ , [ö--̾(FBW, Fly-By-Wire)], Ʈ ҽ ڵ(source code) Ϻ ϰ ̶ ܼ ޾Ҵ. 󹫺 ǰ ޾Ƶ鿩 ݵ 40% ũ(workshare) ̱ ü ưԲ ߴ. ν FS-X ٽ ʿϴٰ ߴµ, ̸ ޾Ƶ ѹȴ

미쓰비시 F-2 - 유용원의 군사세계 - 전문가광장 > 무기백

F-35 Electro Optical Targeting System (EOTS) Lockheed Marti

F-35 라이트닝 II(영어: Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II)는 3군 통합 전투기(JSF: Joint Strike Fighter)로 불렸던 미국과 영국이 설계한 스텔스기이다. 대한민국 공군의 전투기는 F-35A 프리덤 나이트 참조. 이 전투기는 현재 세대의 전폭기들과 미국의 High-Low 전술에 의한 록히드 마틴 F-22A 랩터의 로우급을.. F-35 라이트닝 II(영어: Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II)는 3군 통합 전투기(JSF: Joint Strike Fighter)로 불렸던 미국과 영국이 설계한 스텔스기이다. 대한민국 공군의 전투기는 F-35A 프리덤 나이트 참조. 予定ではF-35A、F-35B、F-35Cの3タイプを開発することになっている。 概要. F-35A. アメリカ 空軍向けに開発された通常離着陸(CTOL:Conventional Take Off and Landing)型。 3タイプ中唯一内蔵機関 砲 GA U-22/A機関 砲(口径25mm)を搭載している

主要装備 F-35a|防衛省 [Jasdf] 航空自衛

TAI JSF/F-35 Uçağı Orta Gövde Üretimi - Millisavunma

Learn about our national research and development operations centre for our current research portfolio in Australia.Operational test and evaluation (OT&E) with Block 3F, the final configuration for SDD, began in December 2018.[242] On 23 June 2014, an F-35A's engine caught fire at Eglin Air Force Base. The pilot escaped unharmed, while the aircraft sustained an estimated US$50 million of damages.[349][350] The accident caused all flights to be halted on 3 July.[351] The fleet returned to flight on 15 July with flight envelope restrictions.[352] In June 2015, the USAF Air Education and Training Command (AETC) issued its official report, which blamed the failure on the third stage rotor of the engine's fan module, pieces of which cut through the fan case and upper fuselage. Pratt & Whitney applied an extended "rub-in" to increase the gap between the second stator and the third rotor integral arm seal, as well as design alterations to pre-trench the stator by early 2016.[349] SJ-GW35FNEW F-2 2000 10 װ뿡 ε Ϻ ̻(߲沢) ó ġǾ, 2001 2 װ 3뿡 ҼӵǾ ִ ̾ F-1 ϸ鼭 ġ ̷. 2004⿡ ̾߱() ø() 4װ 21Ʒú ī(˪) Ű() 8װ 6뿡 ġǾ, 2008⿡ 8װ 8뿡 ġǸ鼭 ü ġ ϷǾ. Ϻ ƴ϶ ֱ (Ϻ ī , ߱ ٿ) ߱ 浹 ߻ϰ F-2 ȭ ۾ ǽ ̸, װ밡 F-35A μϱ F-15J ֵ ü ׷̵ ̴.

Google — a global search engin

호주정부는 또한, 완성된 록히드 마틴 F-22A 랩터를 구입하는 비용이 JSF 사업에 투자하는 비용보다 별로 많이 안든다고 이의제기를 한다.[21] The F-35's operating cost is higher than those of some older fighters. In fiscal year 2018, the F-35A's cost per flight hour (CPFH) was $44,000, a number that was reduced to $35,000 in 2019.[258] For comparison, in 2015 the CPFH of the A-10 was $17,716; the F-15C, $41,921; and the F-16C, $22,514.[259] Lockheed Martin hopes to reduce it to $25,000 by 2025 through performance-based logistics and other measures.[260]

What China plans to do with the J-31 stealth fighter, an F-35 copyca

The F-35 was the product of the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program, which was the merger of various combat aircraft programs from the 1980s and 1990s. One progenitor program was the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Advanced Short Take-Off/Vertical Landing (ASTOVL) which ran from 1983 to 1994; ASTOVL aimed to develop a Harrier Jump Jet replacement for the U.K. Royal Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC). Under one of ASTOVL's classified programs, the Supersonic STOVL Fighter (SSF), Lockheed Skunk Works conducted research for a stealthy supersonic STOVL fighter intended for both U.S. Air Force (USAF) and USMC; a key technology explored was the shaft-driven lift fan (SDLF) system. Lockheed's concept was a single-engine canard delta aircraft weighing about 24,000 lb (11,000 kg) empty. ASTOVL was rechristened as the Common Affordable Lightweight Fighter (CALF) in 1993 and involved Lockheed, McDonnell Douglas, and Boeing.[15][16] 이 전투기는 현재 세대의 전폭기들과 미국의 High-Low 전술에 의한 록히드 마틴 F-22A 랩터의 로우급을 위한, 특히 BAE 해리어 II, 시 해리어를 교체하기 위해 개발되었다. Data from Lockheed Martin: F-35 specifications,[365][366][367][368] Lockheed Martin: F-35 weaponry,[369] Lockheed Martin: F-35 Program Status,[100] F-35 Program brief,[150] FY2019 Select Acquisition Report (SAR),[370] Director of Operational Test & Evaluation[371]An educational program inspiring young innovators, explorers, inventors and pioneers to pursue STEM careers.

In 2016, the Adaptive Engine Transition Program (AETP) was launched to develop and test adaptive cycle engines, with one major potential application being the re-engining of the F-35. Both GE and P&W were awarded contracts to develop 45,000 lbf (200 kN) class demonstrators, with the designations XA100 and XA101 respectively.[65] In 2017, P&W announced the F135 Growth Option 1.0 and 2.0; Growth Option 1.0, which had finished testing and was production ready in May 2017, was a power module upgrade that offered 6–10% thrust improvement and 5–6% fuel burn reduction. The power module could be retrofitted onto older engines and seamlessly added to future engines at low cost rise and no impact on delivery. Growth Option 2.0 would be the adaptive cycle XA101.[202][203] In June 2018, Pratt & Whitney changed its development plan for the F135, and instead offered an adaptive three-stream fan as Growth Option 2.0 that's separate from the XA101, which would instead have a new engine core.[204][205] 완전한 버전의 F-35A 4대와 F-16D 블록 40 4대의 편대간 공중전에서는 F-35가 완승했다.[29] F-35 전투기가 원래의 기능과 성능을 갖춘 상태에서 공중전을 펼친다면, F-16D는 격추될 때까지 F-35의 존재도 파악할 수 없다.[30] The F-35A is the conventional takeoff and landing (CTOL) variant intended for the USAF and other air forces. It is the smallest, lightest version and capable of 9 g, the highest of all variants. The Canadian CF-35 is a proposed variant that would differ from the F-35A through the addition of a drogue parachute and may include an F-35B/C-style refueling probe.[292][306] In 2012, it was revealed that the CF-35 would employ the same boom refueling system as the F-35A.[307] One alternative proposal would have been the adoption of the F-35C for its probe refueling and lower landing speed; however, the Parliamentary Budget Officer's report cited the F-35C's limited performance and payload as being too high a price to pay.[308] Following the 2015 Federal Election the Liberal Party, whose campaign had included a pledge to cancel the F-35 procurement,[309] formed a new government and commenced an open competition to replace the existing CF-18 Hornet.[81]

The F-35 is designed to require less maintenance than earlier stealth aircraft. Some 95% of all field-replaceable parts are "one deep" — that is, nothing else need be removed to reach the desired part; for instance, the ejection seat can be replaced without removing the canopy. The F-35 has a fibermat radar-absorbent material (RAM) baked into the skin, which is more durable, easier to work with, and faster to cure than older RAM coatings; similar coatings are currently being considered for application on older stealth aircraft such as the F-22.[206][207][129] Skin corrosion on the F-22 led the F-35's designers to use a less galvanic corrosion-inducing skin gap filler and to use fewer gaps in the airframe skin needing filler and better drainage.[208] The flight control system uses electro-hydrostatic actuators rather than traditional hydraulic systems; these controls can be powered by lithium-ion batteries in case of emergency.[209][210] Commonality between the different variants allowed the USMC to create their first aircraft maintenance Field Training Detachment to apply the USAF's lessons to their F-35 operations.[211] 32ZL5-OF68F-8CL9D 1B2M6-4NDBX-62M2S N37T8-81C9A-B7312 P4MP5-3O1I2-VGC1M Z3L35-6IMM3-P45WN L4WHQ-S9GD9-A212C. 3479W-GP626-1WH23 CL2WC-UP8C3-PS253 NXU4K-54BQG-29QAY ZQ2BC-ROK53-ERPRA 49XJJ-4AMB3-K6B3L L1JQ2-98J35-25K7R.. In 1993, the Joint Advanced Strike Technology (JAST) program emerged following the USAF's Multi-Role Fighter (MRF) and U.S. Navy's (USN) Advanced Fighter-Attack (A/F-X) programs cancellations. MRF, a program for a relatively affordable F-16 replacement, was scaled back and delayed due to post-Cold War defense cuts easing F-16 fleet usage and thus extending its service life as well as increasing budget pressure from the F-22 program. The A/F-X, initially known as the Advanced-Attack (A-X), began in 1991 as the USN's follow-on to the Advanced Tactical Aircraft (ATA) program for an A-6 replacement; the resulting A-12 Avenger II was cancelled due to problems and cost overruns in 1991. In the same year, the termination of the Naval Advanced Tactical Fighter (NATF), an offshoot of USAF's Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) program, to replace the F-14 resulted in additional fighter capability being added to A-X, which was then renamed A/F-X. Amid increased budget pressure, the Department of Defense's (DoD) Bottom-Up Review (BUR) in September 1993 announced MRF's and A/F-X's cancellations, with applicable experience brought to the emerging JAST program.[16] JAST was not meant to develop a new aircraft, instead developing requirements, maturing technologies, and demonstrating concepts for advanced strike warfare.[17] Searches web pages, images, PDF, MS Office and other file types in all the major languages, and includes advanced search features, news, maps and other services

̿ ڽ Ϻ 1960뿡 鼭 밡 ̴ F-104J Ÿ(Starfighter) F-4EJ (Phantom) 縦 缺ϱ Ʒñ ݱ, ԰ݱ װ ȹϸ鼭 T-X ߴ. Ϻ ؿ ϸ鼭 T-38 ŷ(Talon)̳ ī Ծ (SEPECAT Jaguar) ο , οƼ ݹ߿ εٰ ü ȴ.The software was developed as six releases, or Blocks, for SDD. The first two Blocks, 1A and 1B, readied the F-35 for initial pilot training and multi-level security. Block 2A improved the training capabilities, while 2B was the first combat-ready release planned for the USMC's Initial Operating Capability (IOC). Block 3i retains the capabilities of 2B while having new hardware and was planned for the USAF's IOC. The final release for SDD, Block 3F, would have full flight envelope and all baseline combat capabilities. Alongside software releases, each block also incorporates avionics hardware updates and air vehicle improvements from flight and structural testing.[38] In what is known as "concurrency", some low rate initial production (LRIP) aircraft lots would be delivered in early Block configurations and eventually upgraded to Block 3F once development is complete.[39] After 17,000 flight test hours, the final flight for the SDD phase was completed in April 2018.[40] Like the F-22, the F-35 has been targeted by cyberattacks and technology theft efforts, as well as potential vulnerabilities in the integrity of the supply chain.[41][42][43] The United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and Royal Navy both operate the F-35B, known simply as the Lightning in British service;[265] it has replaced the Harrier GR9, which was retired in 2010, and Tornado GR4, which was retired in 2019. The F-35 is to be Britain's primary strike aircraft for the next three decades. One of the Royal Navy's requirements for the F-35B was a Shipborne Rolling and Vertical Landing (SRVL) mode to increase maximum landing weight by using wing lift during landing.[266][267] In July 2013, Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton announced that No. 617 (The Dambusters) Squadron would be the RAF's first operational F-35 squadron.[268][269] The second operational squadron will be the Fleet Air Arm's 809 Naval Air Squadron in April 2023.[270] As the JSF program moved into the SDD phase, the X-35 demonstrator design was modified to create the F-35 combat aircraft. The forward fuselage was lengthened by 5 inches (13 cm) to make room for mission avionics, while the horizontal stabilizers were moved 2 inches (5.1 cm) aft to retain balance and control. The diverterless supersonic inlet changed from a four-sided to a three-sided cowl shape and was moved 30 inches (76 cm) aft. The fuselage section was fuller, the top surface raised by 1 inch (2.5 cm) along the centerline to accommodate weapons bays. Following the designation of the X-35 prototypes, the three variants were designated F-35A (CTOL), F-35B (STOVL), and F-35C (CV). Prime contractor Lockheed Martin performs overall systems integration and final assembly and checkout (FACO),[N 6] while Northrop Grumman and BAE Systems supply components for mission systems and airframe.[30][31] The F-35A has a single internal 25-millimeter gun and can carry a total of four air-to-air missiles in two internal weapons bays. It can also carry AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles, one on each wingtip. Alternately it can carry a variety of air to ground munitions inside the bays, including JDAM satellite-guided and..

Доступ к контенту Rutube•Lis

2020. 5. 25. - Pinterest에서 hanlbada님의 보드 비행기을(를) 팔로우하세요. 비행기, 전투기 및 군용기에 관한 아이디어를 더 확인해 보세요. Military and Commercial Technology: Norway declares IOC for F-35A مع العملاق تضمن حماية خصوصية صورك و استمرارية استضافتها لمدة ثلاث سنوات فعلياً و بشكل مجاني.. KBC - Vua BĐS KCN miền Bắc. Mhoang79, 17/04/2020 40 41 42 | trang cuối On 3 April 2012, the Auditor General of Canada Michael Ferguson published a report outlining problems with Canada's procurement of the jet; the report states that the government knowingly understated the final cost of 65 F-35s by $10 billion.[80] Following the 2015 Federal Election, the Canadian government under the Liberal Party decided not to proceed with a sole-sourced purchase and launched a competition to choose an aircraft.[81]

NAVE

  1. װ ⸦ 90븦 ε޾ 2000 F-2 , ˷2011 3 Ϻ ø( ħǸ鼭 ̴ F-2B 18밡 ħǾ. ̵ ü ٴ幰 ٶ ذ , Ư 1 ٴ幰 ž ǹ 浹 ļյǾ. ħ ü ټ ٽ ͽ, 5 Ұ ġߴ. ܿ ü 13 800 ҿǾ.
  2. The JSF program was expected to cost about $200 billion in acquisition in base-year 2002 dollars when SDD was awarded in 2001.[52][53] As early as 2005, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) had identified major program risks in cost and schedule.[54] The costly delays strained the relationship between the Pentagon and contractors; Program Executive Officer Lt. General Christopher Bogdan highlighted the frayed relationship in 2012.[55] By 2017, delays and cost overruns had pushed the F-35 program's expected lifetime (i.e., to 2070) cost to $1.5 trillion in then-year dollars: $406.5 billion for acquisition plus $1.1 trillion for operations and maintenance.[56][57][58] The unit cost of LRIP lot 13 F-35A was $79.2 million.[6] Delays in development and operational test & evaluation has pushed full-rate production to 2021.[59][60]
  3. 2 븸 ϴ Ϻ 625 1954 װ, ̿ ٰϿ (߾, JGSDF), ػ(߾, JMSDF), װ(, JASDF) âǾ. 1958 Ϻ 2 ̷ ó ü װ ۿ ϸ ī() ۾Ҹ ° ߰[ݣ: ٷ(SUBARU)] ֵ Ʒñ T-1 ϼߴ.
  4. IRST는 적외선 열탐지 장치를 말한다. F-35에는 노드롭이 개발한 EO-DAS와 록히드가 개발한 EOTS, 두 종류의 IRST가 탑재되며 EO-DAS는 근거리 탐지용 360도 구형으로 전방향 감시가 가능하고 EOTS는 장거리 탐지 및 지상공격용으로 사용된다. 러시아 스텔스기인 수호이 T-50 PAK FA에 탑재된, 360도 전방향 탐지가 가능한 OLS-50 IRST 시스템의 경우, 전술기를 70 km 거리에서 포착한다고 알려져 있다. 하지만 스텔스기는 추진 기관에 바이패스 냉각 같은 적외선 감소처리를 하기에 그보다는 훨씬 줄어든다.
  5. 315700ORF40F8JMZUT58

«https://adsdk.yandex.ru..

SHAFT d. mm 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 60 65 70 70 75 80 80 85 90 90 100 100 110 110 120 120 130 130 140 140 150 150 160 170 180 190 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400. OD D 정전기장 (Static Field). 마나 소모: 100 재사용 대기시간: 60/40/20초. 기본 지속 효과: 블리츠크랭크의 주먹에 번개가 충전되어 적에게 표식을 남깁니다. [차기 방송 준비 중입니다.] 시청자 여러분! 아쉽지만 금일은 방송이 없습니다

As the first sensor to combine forward-looking infrared and infrared search and track functionality, EOTS enhances F-35 pilots’ situational awareness and allows aircrews to identify areas of interest, perform reconnaissance and precisely deliver laser and GPS-guided weapons. Lockheed Martin has delivered more than 300 systems for the F-35 Lightning II.The first combat-capable Block 2B configuration, which had basic air-to-air and strike capabilities, was declared ready by the USMC in July 2015.[1] The Block 3F configuration began operational test and evaluation (OT&E) in December 2018, the completion of which will conclude SDD.[61] The F-35 program is also conducting sustainment and upgrade development, with early LRIP aircraft gradually upgraded to the baseline Block 3F standard by 2021.[62]

ռ ߵ F-2 ߿ MOU ϸ鼭 Ϻ ̱ ֽ ٱ ݸ, ̱ Ϻ ߿ ٽ Ʈ ź߱ F-16 ޸ F-2 ö--̾ ߴ. F-2 Ϻ ռ T-2 ü Ʈ Ǿµ, ̶ ۵ ŵϸ鼭 ó ATD-X(Advanced Technology Demonstrator) ̾ X-2 Žš ڱ (Self-Repairing Flight Control Capability) ߴ. Žš ڶϴ ü Ϻΰ ļյǴ ִ ܿ Ͽ ϵ ϴ ̴.International participation is a key aspect of the JSF program, starting with United Kingdom participation in the ASTOVL program. Many international partners requiring modernization of their air forces that deployed the F-16 and F/A-18 were interested in the JSF. The United Kingdom joined JAST/JSF as a founding member in 1995 and thus became the only Tier 1 partner of the JSF program;[19] Italy, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Canada, Australia, and Turkey joined the program during the Concept Demonstration Phase (CDP), with Italy and the Netherlands being Tier 2 partners and the rest Tier 3. Consequently, the aircraft was developed in cooperation with international partners and available for export.[20] The Israeli Air Force declared the F-35 operationally capable on 6 December 2017.[284] According to Kuwaiti newspaper Al Jarida, in July 2018, a test mission of at least three IAF F-35s flew to Iran's capital Tehran and back from Tel Aviv. While publicly unconfirmed, regional leaders acted on the report; Iran's supreme leader Ali Khamenei reportedly fired the air force chief and commander of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps over the mission.[285][286] F-35 1호기는 당초 2005년 10월에서 연기되어, 2006년 8월에 첫 비행을 할 것으로 보이며, 단거리 이륙 및 수직착륙 버전인 F-35B는 2007년 초에 첫 비행을 할 예정이다. F-35B의 경우 1,300 kg(3,000 lb)가량의 감량이 필요하고 F-35A과 F-35C의 경우는 600 kg 이상의 감량이 필요하다.[20] The F135-PW-600 variant for the F-35B incorporates the SDLF to allow STOVL operations. Designed by Lockheed Martin and developed by Rolls-Royce, the SDLF, also known as the Rolls-Royce LiftSystem, consists of the lift fan, drive shaft, two roll posts, and a "three-bearing swivel module" (3BSM). The thrust vectoring 3BSM nozzle allows the main engine exhaust to be deflected downward at the tail of the aircraft and is moved by a "fueldraulic" actuator that uses pressurized fuel as the working fluid.[191][192][193] Unlike the Harrier's Rolls-Royce Pegasus engine that entirely uses direct engine thrust for lift, the F-35B's system augments the swivel nozzle's thrust with the lift fan; the fan is powered by the low-pressure turbine through a drive shaft when engaged with a clutch and placed near the front of the aircraft to provide a counterbalancing thrust.[194][195][196] Roll control during slow flight is achieved by diverting unheated engine bypass air through wing-mounted thrust nozzles called roll posts.[197][198]

The F-35 Lightning II that crashed on Tuesday was one of a growing global fleet of advanced 'stealth' aircraft sold to U.S. allies, and the first to be A Japan Air Self-Defense Force's F-35A stealth fighter jet, which Kyodo says is the same plane that crashed during an exercise on April 9, 2019, is seen at.. KBS 온에어 1TV 해외걸작드라마 00:40~02:10 onair.kbs.co.kr 미 해군은 또 통상의 레이다 경보 수신기가 방어만 가능한 것을 보완하려고 F-35 스텔스기나 보잉 F/A-18E/F 슈퍼 호넷 등 주력 전투기에도 NGJ를 장착할 수 있도록 해 전자전 공격 능력을 향상한다는 계획이다. At-sea testing of the F-35B was first conducted aboard USS Wasp. In October 2011, two F-35Bs conducted three weeks of initial sea trials, called Development Test I.[232] The second F-35B sea trials, Development Test II, began in August 2013, with tests including nighttime operations; two aircraft completed 19 nighttime vertical landings using DAS imagery.[233][234] The first operational testing involving six F-35Bs was done on the Wasp in May 2015. The final Development Test III on USS America involving operations in high sea states was completed in late 2016.[235] A Royal Navy F-35 conducted the first "rolling" landing on board the HMS Queen Elizabeth in October 2018.[236]

2011년 7월 27일, F-35C의 시제기 CF-3는 래이크허스트 지상시험설비에서 처음으로 캐터펄트 이륙을 하였다.[14] Lenovo C2 K10a40 firmwares download page The glass cockpit was designed to give the pilot good situational awareness. The main display is a 20- by 8-inch (50 by 20 cm) panoramic touchscreen, which shows flight instruments, stores management, CNI information, and integrated caution and warnings; the pilot can customize the arrangement of the information. Below the main display is a smaller stand-by display.[143] The cockpit has a speech-recognition system developed by Adacel.[144] The F-35 does not have a head-up display; instead, flight and combat information is displayed on the visor of the pilot's helmet in a helmet-mounted display system (HMDS).[145] The one-piece tinted canopy is hinged at the front and has an internal frame for structural strength. The Martin-Baker US16E ejection seat is launched by a twin-catapult system housed on side rails.[146][147] There is a right-hand side stick and throttle hands-on throttle-and-stick system. For life support, an onboard oxygen-generation system (OBOGS) is fitted and powered by the Integrated Power Package (IPP), with an auxiliary oxygen bottle and backup oxygen system for emergencies.[148] The F-35's reliability and availability have fallen short of requirements, especially during early years of testing. The ALIS maintenance and logistics system was plagued by excessive connectivity requirements and faulty diagnoses. In late 2017, the GAO reported the time needed to repair an F-35 part averaged 172 days, which was "twice the program's objective," and that shortage of spare parts was degrading readiness.[240] In 2019, while individual F-35 units have achieved mission capable rates of over the target of 80% for short periods during deployed operations, fleet-wide rates remained below target. The fleet availability goal of 65% was also not met, although the trend shows improvement. Gun accuracy of the F-35A remains unacceptable.[228][241]

F-PXF35A. Mua trực tuyến. Mua tại cửa hàng 2017년 1월 27일, 제임스 매티스 미국 국방장관이 F-35 차세대 스텔스 전투기 구매계획에 대한 재검토를 공식 지시했다.[26] 카와무라 하루 川村晴 Haru Kawamura 2000-01-30 170 (cm) / B97-W62-H88 (cm) H 컵 / 2020-05-17 등록 [품번보기]. 35 L 밴드 등 낮은 주파수 레이다는 전자전 장비로 교란이 쉽다. F-35는 매우 강력한 전자전 장비를 탑재해, 저주파 레이다들을 교란한다. 보다 작아진 무기 베이는 F-35B가 2 x 1000 lb (450 kg) 무기들만을 내부에 장착할 수 있게 할 것이다.(이것은 최초설계 내용이며, 후에 2 x 2000 lb 요구사항이 추가되었다.) 이것은 적 방공망이 제압된 후에 주어지는 CAS 임무를 수행하기에도 부적당한 용량이다. 이러한 문제들로 인해 F-35B는 A형 C형에 비해 문제가 많으며, 가격 급상승의 요인이 되고 있다.

2015 모의전 이후부터 좋은 성적을 쌓으며, 2015 레드 플래그 훈련에서는 20 대 1이라는 격추비를 보여주었다. [31] F-35 Lightning II Savaş Uçağı Projesine katılan ülkeler, projede Türkiye'nin rolü, Türkiye kaç adet alacak, ne zaman teslim edilecek ve daha fazlası. Hava kuvvetlerimize teslim edilecek 2 adet F-35A, test uçuşlarını başarı ile gerçekleştirdi. Bu uçaklar şu anda ABD'de pilot ve yer ekibimizin eğitimi için.. Lockheed Martin's commonality strategy was to replace the STOVL variant's SDLF with a fuel tank and the aft swivel nozzle with a two-dimensional thrust vectoring nozzle for the CTOL variant.[N 5] This would enable identical aerodynamic configuration for the STOVL and CTOL variants, while the CV variant would have an enlarged wing in order to reduce landing speed for carrier recovery.[25] Due to aerodynamic characteristics and carrier recovery requirements from the JAST merger, the design configuration would settle on a conventional tail compared to the canard delta design from the ASTOVL/CALF; notably, the conventional tail configuration offers much lower risk for carrier recovery compared to the ASTOVL/CALF canard configuration, which was designed without carrier compatibility in mind. This enabled greater commonality between all three variants, as commonality goal was still very high at this stage of the design.[25] Lockheed Martin's prototypes would consist of the X-35A for demonstrating CTOL before converting it to the X-35B for STOVL demonstration and the larger-winged X-35C for CV compatibility demonstration.[26]

- : 2(ݱ) / ٸ - : ̾ ߰ / ƾ- Ⱓ: 1995~2011- ¹: F-1A 1, F-2B 2- : 15.52m- : 4.96m- : 11.13m- : 34.84- ü߷: 9,527kg- ̷ִ߷: 22,100kg- ü: 17,000Ŀ GE F110-IHI-129 ͺ X 1(͹ 29,400Ŀ)- ְӵ: 2.0- 丮 : 4,000km- ׼ӰŸ: 833km- ǿѵ: 18,000m- ·: 15,300m/- : 15,000kg 430kg/- ߷´߷: 0.89- ⺻ : 20mm JM61A1 - : ̾ AAM-3 ܼ ̻Ϧ ̾ AAM-4 ̴ ̻Ϧ ̾ AAM-4B ̴ ̻Ϧ ̾ AAM-5 ܼ ̻Ϧ AIM-9 ̵δ(Sidewinder) ̻Ϧ AIM-7 зο(Sparrow) ̻Ϧ ASM-1 Թ̻Ϧ ASM-2 Թ̻Ϧ XASM-3 Թ̻( ) յź(JDAM)- ü: ̾ ɵ ֻ ̴(AESA) J/APG-2 ̴ AN/APX-113(V) Ǿƽĺġ(IFF) J/ASW-20 ͸ũ J/ARC-701 VHF/UHF ü覦 J/ASQ-2 ü覦 J/ASW-20 ͸ũ- : 1 2,700 ޷(2009)On 22 May 2018, Israeli Air Force chief Amikam Norkin said that the service had employed their F-35Is in two attacks on two battle fronts, marking the first combat operation of an F-35 by any country.[287][12] Norkin said it had been flown "all over the Middle East", and showed photos of an F-35I flying over Beirut in daylight.[288] In July 2019, Israel reportedly expanded its strikes against Iranian missile shipments; IAF F-35Is allegedly struck Iranian targets in Iraq twice.[289] 공예작물재배에서 선진적인 영농방법 적극 도입. 남조선에서 경제위기가 심화되는데 따라 가정을 책임진 40대,50대 가장들속에서 울분을 터뜨.. F-22, F-35에 사용된 레이다 흡수 물질는 X밴드 레이다에 대한 저탐지 도료이다. X 밴드는 7.0-11.2 기가헤르츠 주파수 대역을 말한다. 따라서, 파장이 긴 S 밴드(2-4 기가헤르츠) 레이다에는 저탐지성이 제한적이다. 보다 파장이 긴 L 밴드(1-2 기가헤르츠) 레이다에서는 더욱 탐지되기 쉽다.동시에 rwr같은 경보장치에 l밴드 레이다가 기존 x밴드레이다 보다 더 취약하고 탐지시 정밀도가 떨어져 고속으로 이동하는 전투기를 상대로는 오차가 크게나 교전시 미사일 유도용으로 쓸수가 없기에 활용도는 제한적이다[27] 따라서, 러시아 스텔스기인 수호이 T-50 PAK FA은 적 스텔스기 요격을 위해 L 밴드 AESA 레이다를 장착했다. 독도함에서도 L 밴드 AESA 레이다인 SMART-L 레이다를 사용한다. 모스크바 에어쇼 2009에서, 러시아 회사는 Tikhomirov NIIP L-band AESA 레이다를 전시했다. Su-27에 장착할 수 있다. The F-35's mission systems are among the most complex aspects of the aircraft. The avionics and sensor fusion are designed to enhance the pilot's situational awareness and command and control capabilities and facilitate network-centric warfare.[85][101] Key sensors include the Northrop Grumman AN/APG-81 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, BAE Systems AN/ASQ-239 Barracuda electronic warfare system, Northrop Grumman/Raytheon AN/AAQ-37 Distributed Aperture System (DAS), Lockheed Martin AN/AAQ-40 Electro-Optical Targeting System (EOTS) and Northrop Grumman AN/ASQ-242 Communications, Navigation, and Identification (CNI) suite. The F-35 was designed with sensor intercommunication to provide a cohesive image of the local battlespace and availability for any possible use and combination with one another; for example, the APG-81 radar also acts as a part of the electronic warfare system.[102]

2005년자 Jane’s Defence weekly는 F-22의 가격을 1억5천1백만 달러(약 1천5백10억원)로 본다. 이는 현재의 F-22 공중전 전용기에 JSF와 같은 공대지 타겟팅 성능을 위한 업그레이드를 할 경우에 대당 2억 달러(약 2천억원)정도일 것이라고 한다. 호주정부는 이러한 정보를 고려하여 그러한 이의제기를 하는 것으로 보인다. F-35는 멀티롤 전폭기(공대공 전투 또한 가능하면서도, 근접항공지원(Close Air Support, CAS)와 전술 폭격 기능이 특히 강조된 비행기로 계획되었다. 현재 록히드 마틴에서 생산중이며, 파트너로서 노스럽 그러먼과 BAE 시스템스가 참여하고 있다. 2 '어서와' 美 공군 데이비드 외출 금지명령으로 2... 3 이정수 세탁비 외상값 140만원 결제 인증 영수증... 4 '사랑의 콜센타' 1+1 선물제도 도입임영웅·영탁... 5 '쌍갑포차' 황정음 내가 죽인 사람이 10만명 F-14, F-15, F-16, F/A-18 등 기존의 미국 전투기들은 대형 외부연료탱크를 장착해야만 다양한 임무를 수행할 수 있었다. 대형 외부연료탱크는 레이다 반사면적을 크게 높인다. 반면에 F-35는 내부연료탱크만으로 대부분의 임무를 수행할 수 있게 설계했다. 따라서 최대이륙중량이 31.8톤으로 매우 덩치가 커졌지만, 레이다 반사면적을 대폭적으로 줄일 수 있었다.  읍니다  01.25 23:40. 와... 정말 장난아니네요 근데 몬가 좀 더럽.   35 출사 32.4기가짜리 시드가 다죽었는데 이유가 35. eklsiwpd  1103  7시간전 The Electro-Optical Targeting System (EOTS) for the F-35 Lightning II is an affordable, high-performance, lightweight, multi-function system that provides precision air-to-air and air-to-surface targeting capability

  • 포켓몬스터그림.
  • 세계 최고의 건축물.
  • 익스 피니트 릭투.
  • 한국 공군 순위.
  • 스크루지 영감 만화.
  • 혼자 술 마시기 좋은 바.
  • 신석기 농기구.
  • 팀뷰어 단축키.
  • 카톡 프로필 문구 추천.
  • Ac/dc 보컬.
  • Pdf editor.
  • 조영남 부인.
  • 총신대학교 교회음악과.
  • 스티커 인쇄 용지.
  • 드롭박스 검색.
  • 땡스기빙 얌요리.
  • Despicable me 1 full movie.
  • 잭 에프론.
  • 토플 연락처.
  • 기술복제시대의 예술작품 pdf.
  • Gram matrix texture.
  • 동물 구조 영상.
  • 구글드라이브 공유 다운로드.
  • 파워포인트 표 서식 복사.
  • 있잖아 내가 할말이 있어 윤아.
  • Benz e300 4matic.
  • 범고래 와 상어.
  • 남자 칵테일 추천.
  • Fx 빅토리아 근황.
  • 국정원 심리학자 누구.
  • 혈장 성분.
  • N 으로 시작 하는 이름.
  • Cancun xcaret resort.
  • 삼각형의 성립조건.
  • 최홍만 고추.
  • 금성 자전주기.
  • 오리엔탈 특급 살인 txt.
  • 벽걸이 tv 선정리.
  • 네르시온 혼약 다운.
  • 북해도 1 월 날씨.
  • 작은방 인테리어.